Costa Rica’s Goal to be Green.
100% Renewable Energy Production is a goal of Costa Rica which continues to prove successful with 2017 first quarter record of 99.06%.
Hydroelectric makes up the bulk of energy production, which during the summer or dry season makes the renewables grid vulnerable.
ICE officials said that with summer climaxing in April in Costa Rica, hydroelectric plants with reservoirs are drawn on more heavily to compensate for the lack of rainfall-dependent plants dotted around Costa Rica. Wind is the second largest energy producer for Costa Rica, which got a boost this year with four new private plants in production, said ICE.
And geothermal generation is rebounding from damages suffered at the Miravalles III plant in northern Costa Rica from Hurricane Otto late last November.
Officials said it is likely they will have to supplement the power supply with thermal fuel plants as the dry summer weather progresses, and until steady rains can bring the remaining hydro plants into full production.
Energy generated from biomass (during the sugar cane harvest, which takes place in the dry months from January-April) and from solar are also produced in small amounts to round out the five sources of renewable energy from which Costa Rica powers almost all of its national electric grid.
With nearly 365 days of sun, Costa Rica could readily relieve some of its dependence on hydroelectricity by boosting solar energy production. The country has made strides in upping production from other renewable sources in recent years but SOLAR still remains to be expensive to install and CR is far behind the US in available products or tax credits for end users.
In stark contrast to this is the highly fossil-fuel dependent transportation sector, which makes a big impact on Costa Rica’s carbon footprint.
Smarter, energy-efficient private and public transportation continue too lag far behind the advances in recent years to power the country almost exclusively from green sources.